Water’s acoustic properties have been studied a lot. However, these studies were mainly focused on water’s properties of sound reflection and dissemination. Studies of sound absorption properties of composite structures made of water and other soundabsorbing materials are very few. In this study, a resonant absorption principle based novel water filmair layered structure is developed. By changing the thickness of water film, the absorption of this new structure can be modulated. Moreover, reverberation time experiments in a real scale test installation are designed to quantify the new structures diffusion absorption coefficients. The result shows that this multilayered composite structure produces a good absorption for low frequency sound, and the absorption properties depend on the water film thickness.